According to RVA LLC, Verizon accounts for about 400,000, or 60% of the 671,000 homes connected with fiber. BellSouth, AT&T and Qwest have small trial deployments and are laying fiber in new developments. Smaller phone companies have connected about 140,000 homes, while municipalities and public utilities have 60,000 connected. Real-estate developers and cable companies make up the rest. Japan already has 11.5% of its households connected by fiber, according to RVA, compared to 0.6% in the United States.